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Same Sex Marriage Meets Civil Union Dissolution

Wednesday, August 01, 2012

In last week’s Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court’s (SJC) case of Elia-Warnken v. Elia, the court ruled that a civil union from another state (Vermont in the facts of this particular case) is the legal equivalent of marriage when it interacts with our laws of marriage and divorce. The question arose: when a person became part of a civil union in a state that had not yet recognized the right of same sex marriage, and had not obtained a legal dissolution of that union before marrying here, does this constitute polygamy, making the Massachusetts marriage void. The answer was a clear “yes”.

In doing this, the SJC maintained a consistent view that it will not tolerate a continuation of the national practice (that is, in most states individually who do not recognize same sex marriage, and in federal law, where the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) precludes it for federal purposes, and exempts the states from having to acknowledge it) of domestic discrimination against gays and lesbians. The court reasoned that to treat civil unions as anything less than a marriage for our state’s purposes would do exactly that.

So, for a civil union partner to marry in Massachusetts he or she must dissolve one legal relationship before entering into another, whether the prior one be one that is called “marriage”, or a civil union. Strike a blow for marriage equity and against one fear mongered by those who continue to champion DOMA: that somehow same sex marriage will lead a creeping acceptance of polygamous marriage.



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